American Literature








  General Index

  wit & humor


obj. correlative
iceberg principle


Aiken, Conrad, “Herman Melville” (1958)
Aldington, Richard The Evening (c 1915) imagist poem
Anderson, Philip B. “An Ode to Deconstruction” (c.1988): satire
Angell, Barbara, “Ulabel Lume” (c.1955): parody of Poe
Auden, W. H., “Herman Melville” (1933)
Barlow, Joel, from “The Hasty Pudding” (1796): humor
Berry, D. C., “Godiva” (c.2009): parody of Sylvia Plath
Bishop, Elizabeth, “The Fish” (1955): analysis
Bogan, Louise, “The Dream” (1954): analysis
Bradstreet, Anne, “The Flesh and the Spirit” (1678): analysis
     “A Letter to Her Husband” (1678): analysis
Brooks, Gwendolyn, “A Song in the Front Yard” (1945)
     “Sadie and Maud” (1945)
     “We Real Cool” (1966)
Bryant, William Cullen, “Thanatopsis” (1817): analysis
     “The Prairies” (1832): analysis
Bugeja, Michael J., “The Influence of William Carlos Williams” (2009)
Carlisle, Andrea, “Emily Dickinson’s To-Do List” (1996)
Chesterton, G. K., (British), “After Walt Whitman” (c .1894-1936): parody
Clark, John Abbot, “The Love Song of F. Scott Fitzgerald” (c.1955): humor
Collins, Billy, “Taking Off Emily Dickinson’s Clothes” (1998): humor
Cope, Wendy (British), “Waste Land Limericks” (1986): parody of T. S. Eliot
Cranch, Christopher, “Gnosis” (1844)
Crane, Hart, “Black Tambourine” (1926): analysis
     “At Melville’s Tomb” (1926): analysis by Crane and 3 critics
     “To Emily Dickinson” (1926)
     The Bridge (1930): analysis by 15 critics
Crane, Stephen, 6 free verse pre-Imagist poems (1895-99): commentary
Cullen, Countee, “Incident” (1925)
     “Yet Do I Marvel” (1925)
cummings, e. e., “chanson innocent” (1923): analysis
     “Portrait” (1926): analysis
     “since feeling is first” (1926)
     “nobody loses all the time” (1926): humor
     “somewhere i have never travelled” (1931)
     “anyone lived in a pretty how town” (1940): analysis
Cunningham, J. V., 32 witty verses (1942-57)
Dacey, Philip, “Amherst with Fries” (1999), homage to Dickinson: humor
Dickinson, Emily, “Papa above!” #61 (c.1859): analysis
     “Success is counted sweetest” #67 (c.1859): analysis
     “Exultation is the going” #76 (c.1859): analysis
     “These are the days when Birds come back” #130 (c.1860): analysis by 5 critics
     “I’m ‘wife’ – I’ve finished that” #199 (c.1860): analysis
     “I taste a liquor never brewed” #214 (c.1860): analysis by 7 critics
     “I like a look of Agony” #241 (c.1861): analysis
     “Wild Nights! -- Wild Nights!” #249 (c.1861): analysis
     “There’s a certain Slant of light” #258 (c.1861): analysis by 12 critics
     “I felt a Funeral in my Brain” #280 (c.1861): analysis by 8 critics
     “I got so I could take [hear?] his name” #293 (c.1861): analysis by 3 critics
     “The Soul selects her own Society” #303 (c.1862): analysis by 4 critics
     “There came a Day at Summer’s full” #322 (1861): analysis by 4 critics
     “After great pain, a formal feeling comes” #341 (c.1862): analysis by 7 critics
     “I read my sentence – steadily” #412 (c.1862): analysis
     “I died for Beauty” #449 (c.1862): analysis by 2 critics
     “I heard a Fly buzz when I died” #465 (c.1862): analysis by10 critics
     “This World is not Conclusion” #501 (1862): analysis by 3 critics
     “I’m ceded – I’ve stopped being Theirs” #508 (c.1862): analysis by 6 critics
     “I started Early -- Took my Dog” #520 (1862): analysis by 7 critics
     “I like to see it lap the Miles” #585 (1862): analysis by 4 critics
     “A still – Volcano – Life” #601 (c.1862): analysis by 4 critics
     “Because I could not stop for Death” #712 (c.1863): analysis by 17 critics
     “My Life had stood -- a Loaded Gun” #754 (c.1863): analysis by 9 critics
     “My Faith is larger than the Hills” #766 (c.1863): analysis
     “I felt a Cleaving in my Mind” #937 (c.1864): analysis
     “A narrow Fellow in the Grass” #986 (c.1865): analysis
     “Further in Summer than the Birds” #1068 (c.1866): analysis by 8 critics
     “Title divine – is mine!” #1072 (c.1862): analysis by 6 critics
     “Tell all the Truth but tell it Slant” #1129 (c.1868): analysis
     “He preached upon ‘Breadth’ till it argued him narrow” #1207 (c.1872): analysis
     “A Route of Evanescence” #1463 (c.1879): analysis by 7 critics
     “As imperceptibly as Grief” # 1540 (c.1865): analysis
     “Of God we ask one favor” #1601 (c.1884): analysis
Doolittle, Hilda (H. D.), “The Pool” (c.1915): Imagist poems
     “Oread” (c.1915): Imagist poems
Drew, George, “Apparently Someone in the Department” (2004): satire of PC
Dugan, Alan, “Funeral Oration for a Mouse” (1961)
Dunbar, Paul, “We Wear the Mask” (c.1895)
     “Theology” (1899): humor
     “Harriet Beecher Stowe” (1899): tribute
Eberhart, Richard, “Emily Dickinson” (c.1930)
     “The Groundhog” (c.1960): analysis by 2 critics
     “Worldly Failure” (1960): on Robert Frost
     “To William Carlos Williams” (1988)
Eliot, T. S., “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” (1915): analysis by 15 critics
     “Portrait of a Lady” (1917): analysis by 3 critics
     “Sweeney Among the Nightingales” (1918): analysis by 2 critics
     “Gerontion” (1920): analysis by 6 critics
     “The Waste Land” (1922): analysis by 25 critics
     12 basic principles in reading “The Waste Land”
     “The Hollow Men” (1925): analysis by 6 critics
     “Ash Wednesday” (1930): analysis by 3 critics
     Four Quartets (1943): analysis by 9 critics
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, “Concord Hymn” (1837,1847)
     “Brahma” (1856): analysis
Fletcher, John Gould, “The Skaters” (c.1915): Imagist poems
Freneau, Philip, “The Wild Honey Suckle” (1786): analysis
     “The Indian Burying-Ground” (1787) : analysis
     “On the Uniformity and Perfection of Nature” (1815): analysis
Frost, Robert, “Mowing” (1913): analysis by 2 critics
     “The Death of the Hired Man” (1914): analysis by 2 critics
     “After Apple-Picking” (1914): analysis by 10 critics
     “Mending Wall” (1914,1919): analysis by 8 critics
     “The Road Not Taken” (1915,1916): analysis by 7 critics
     “Birches” (1916): analysis by 9 critics
     “The Hill Wife” (1916): analysis by 3 critics
     “Fire and Ice” (1920,1923): analysis by 4 critics
     “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” (1923): analysis by 16 critics
     “A Lone Striker” (1933): analysis by 2 critics
     “Two Tramps in Mud-Time” (1934): analysis by 7 critics
     “Desert Places” (1936): analysis by 7 critics
     “Design” (1936): analysis by 11 critics
     “Neither out far Nor in Deep” (1936): analysis by 5 critics
     “The Gift Outright” (1942): analysis by 6 critics
     “Departmental” (1949): humor
Fuller, Roy, “The Love Song of J. Omar Khayyam” (1973): parody of T. S. Eliot
Gardner, Isabella, “To Thoreau on Rereading Walden” (1955)
Hall, Donald “The Impossible Marriage” (1986): humor
Hecht, Anthony, “Samuel Sewall” (1954)
Hemingway, Ernest, “Sing a song of critics” (1927): disdain
Hoffenstein, Samuel, “Miss Millay Says Something Too” (1928): parody
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, “Old Ironsides” (1830): commentary
     from “The Deacon’s Masterpiece” (1858): satire
     “The Chambered Nautilus” (1858): commentary
Houghton, Firman, “Mr. Frost Goes South to Boston” (1961): parody
Hughes, Langston, “Florida Road Workers” (1927): analysis
Imagist poems: 12 examples
James, Clive (Australian), from “Robert Lowell’s Notebook” (1986): parody
     “Richard Wilbur’s Faberge Egg Factory” (1986): parody
Jarrell, Randall, “The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner” (1948)
Jeffers, Robinson, “Ocean” (1954)
Joyce, James (Irish), “The Waste Land” (1925): parody of Eliot
Kennedy, X. J., “Emily Dickinson Leaves a Message to the World, Now That Her Homestead in Amherst Has an Answering Machine” (1992)
King, Stoddard, “Poem for Benjamin Franklin’s Birthday” (1926): humor
Kinnell, Galway, “For William Carlos Williams” (1960)
     “The Deconstruction of Emily Dickinson” (1994)
Koch, Kenneth, “Variations on a Theme by William Carlos Williams” (2005): parody
Kumin, Maxine, “After the Poetry Reading” (1996)
Lang, Andrew (Scot), “Brahma” (c.1864-1912): parody of Emerson
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, “A Psalm of Life” (1838): analysis by 2 critics
     “The Rainy Day” (1842)
     “The Slave's Dream” (1842)
     “The Day is Done” (1844)
Lowell, Amy, “Meditation” (c.1915): Imagist poems
Lowell, James Russell, from “A Fable for Critics” (1848): on Emerson, Bryant, Hawthorne, Cooper, Fuller,
Lowell, Robert, “Mr. Edwards and the Spider” (1944): analysis
     “Skunk Hour” (1959): analysis
     “Words for Hart Crane” (1959)
     “T. S. Eliot” (1969)
     “Ezra Pound” (1969)
     “Robert Frost” (1969)
Lummis, C. F., “A Poe-em of Passion” (c.1882): parody
MacLeish, Archibald, “Ars Poetica” (1915): credo
Markham, Edwin, “The Man with the Hoe” (1899)
Melville, Herman, “Art” (1891)
McGinley, Phyllis, “The Theology of Jonathan Edwards” (1957): wit
McKay, Claude, “America” (1922)
     “The White City” (1922)
Millay, Edna St. Vincent, “What Lips My Lips Have Kissed” (1923): analysis
Monsour, Leslie, “Emily's Words” (1990): homage
Moore, Marianne, “Poetry” (1921-51): analysis
     “Critics and Connoisseurs” (1924): analysis
     “What Are Years?” (1941): analysis by 2 critics
Morley, Christopher, “Epitaph for Any New Yorker” (1920): humor
Nash, Ogden, 42 witty verses (1933-53)
     “Kindly Unhitch That Star, Buddy” (1933): humor
     “Portrait of the Artist as a Prematurely Old Man” (1934): analysis
     “The Purist” (c.1938): humor
     “I Never Even Suggested It” (1940): humor
     “Golly, How Truth Will Out” (1940): humor
Nemerov, Howard, “Santa Claus” (1960): analysis
     “Style” (1967)
OConnor, Flannery "The Peacock Roosts" (1953): self-portrait with commentary
     Driskell To Flannery OConnor
Parker, Dorothy, 67 witty lines & verses (1919-61)
Pastan, Linda, “Emily Dickinson” (1971)
     “Remembering Frost at Kennedy’s Inauguration” (2004)
Paterson, Andrea, “Because I Could Not Dump” (1981): parody of Dickinson
Poe, Edgar Allan, “To Helen” (1831): analysis by 2 critics
     “Ulalume” (1847): analysis by 6 critics
Porter, Katherine Anne, “Variation 1001: To the Foolish Virgins Who Aren’t Gathering Roses” (1922), parody: analysis
     “The Transfusion” (1922-23)
     “Morning Song” (1929): analysis
     “Liberals” (1933) : analysis
     “Morning Song of the Tinker’s Bitch” (1946)
Pound, Ezra, “In a Station of the Metro” (1910): analysis by 4 critics
     “L’Art” (1910): Imagist poems
     “A Pact,” with Walt Whitman (1916)
     Hugh Selwyn Mauberley (1920): analysis by 7 critics
     “Portrait d’une Femme” (1926): analysis
     “Canto XLV” (1937): analysis
     from “Canto LXXXI” (1940): analysis
     Cantos (1919-70): analysis by 9 critics
Proudfit, David Law, “Prehistoric Smith” (c.1897): humor
Randall, Dudley, “Booker T. and W. E. B.” (1969)
Rich, Adrienne, “Diving into the Wreck” (1973)
     “’I Am in Danger -- Sir –‘” (c.1950-99)
Robinson, Edwin Arlington, “Credo” (1896): analysis
     “L’Envoi” (1897): analysis
     “Miniver Cheevy” (1910): analysis by 5 critics
     “Richard Cory” (1910): analysis by 2 critics
     “Walt Whitman” (c.1910)
     “Eros Turannos” (1916): analysis
     “The Dark Hills” (1920): analysis
     “Mr. Flood’s Party” (1920): analysis by 3 critics
     “The Sheaves” (1925)
Roethke, Theodore, “Papa's Waltz” (1950): analysis
     “The Waking” (1953)
Ross, Alan, “Radar” (1954): analysis
Rukeyser, Muriel, “This Place in the Ways” (1948)
     “Double Dialogue: Homage to Robert Frost” (1994)
Sandburg, Carl, “The Fog” (c.1915): Imagist poems
     “To the Ghost of John Milton” (1928): analysis
Seeger, Alan, “Ode in Memory of the American Volunteers for France” (1916)
Sexton, Anne, “Her Kind” (1960)
Shapiro, Karl, “The Fly” (c.1944)
Simpson, Louis, “Squeal” (1957): parody of “Howl” (1955), Allen Ginsberg
     “In California” (1963)
Scott, Winfield, “The U.S. Sailor with the Japanese Skull” (1945): analysis
Snodgrass, W. D., “Powwow” (1962): analysis
Stafford, William, “Traveling through the Dark” (1960): analysis
     “At the Robert Frost Memorial” (1982)
     “Understanding Poetry, by William Carlos Williams and Wallace Stevens” (1987)
Stein, Gertrude, “Picasso” (1909): analysis
Stevens, Wallace, “Sunday Morning” (1915): analysis by stanza
     10 critics discuss “Sunday Morning”
     “Anecdote of the Jar” (1916): analysis by 5 critics
     “Le Monocle de Mon Oncle” (1923): analysis by 2 critics
     “Peter Quince at the Clavier” (1923): analysis by 3 critics
     “The Emperor of Ice-Cream” (1923): analysis by 3 critics
     “The Comedian as the Letter C” (1923): analysis by 4 critics
     “A High-Toned Old Christian Woman” (1923): analysis
     “Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird” (1923): analysis by 4 critics
     “The Idea of Order at Key West” (1935): analysis by 3 critics
     “The Glass of Water” (1942): analysis
     “Notes toward a Supreme Fiction” (1942): analysis by 4 critics
Strong, George A., “What Hiawatha Probably Did” (1856): parody
Symons, Julian (British), “Hart Crane” (c.1938)
Taggard, Genevieve, “With Child” (1922)
Taylor, Edward, “Preface, God’s Determinations” (c.1682): analysis
     “Housewifery” (c.1682): analysis
Thompson, William Henry, “The High Tide at Gettysburg” (1888)
Thoreau, Henry David, “My Life Is Like a Stroll upon the Beach” (1849)
Timrod, Henry, “Ode”: to the Confederate Dead (1867)
Tuckerman, Frederick Goddard, “Sonnet XVI” (1860): analysis
Twain, Mark, “Ode to Stephen Dowling Bots, Dec’d” (1884): parody
Updike, John, “Miss Moore at Assembly” (1993): parody of Marianne Moore
Very, Jones, “The Created” (1839): analysis
     “On Visiting the Graves of Hawthorne and Thoreau” (1886)
Wheatley, Phillis, “On being brought from Africa to America” (1773)
Whitman, Walt, “Song of Myself” (1855): analysis by 12 critics
     “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry” (1856): analysis by 4 critics
     “Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking” (1859): analysis by 5 critics
     “When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d” (1865): analysis by 8 critics
Wilbur, Richard, “Epistemology” (1950)
     “Mind” (1956)
     “Marginalia” (1956)
     “Altitudes” (1956): homage to Emily Dickinson
     “Seed Leaves” (1964): homage to Robert Frost
Williams, William Carlos, “The Red Wheelbarrow” (c.1913): analysis by 3 critics
     “Poem, or, Spring and All” (1923): analysis by 4 critics
     “The Yachts” (1938): analysis by 2 critics
     Paterson I-V (1946-58): analysis by 4 critics
Winters, Yvor, “To Emily Dickinson” (1930)
     “Before Disaster” (1932-33)
     “On Teaching the Young” (1934)
     “Dedication to a Book of Criticism” (1934)
     “A Testament to one now a child” (1937)
     “To a Portrait of Melville in My Library” (1937)
Wylie, Elinor, “Puritan Sonnet” (1928): analysis